Geography of Indonesia

Situated between the Indian and Pacific Ocean, Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world. Its surface area of 1,905 thousand square kilometers is comprised of more than 17,000 islands, lending Indonesia the nickname of "The Emerald of the Equator".

Indonesia has 34 provinces, with Jakarta as its capital city.

Indonesia's geographic location has blessed it with a rich landscape, from fertile rice lands in Java and Bali to the luxuriant rainforests of Sumatra, Kalimantan and Sulawesi, to the savannah grasslands of the Nusa Tenggara islands to snow-capped peaks of West Papua. Indonesia is home to more than 28,000 flora species from tiny rare orchid to giant Raflesia flower. It is also one of the most diverse variants of fauna species, including the endangered orangutans of Sumatera and Borneo, the unique giant lizard of Komodo, the horned Java Rhinoceros and Sumatera tigers.

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Indonesia’s Economic Growth

Currently a dynamic USD 1.1 trillion economy, Indonesia reached an economic growth of 6.5% in 2011—the highest in 15 years. Its Foreign Direct Investment was USD 19.5 billion that same year. Approximately 60% of Indonesia's GDP comes from domestic consumption, cushioning Indonesia from global economic uncertainty. Meanwhile, investment growth has reached 20.53% in 2011.

Opening its doors for trade and investment even wider, Indonesia's regions are grouped into six economic corridors where each is specialized in areas where it has competitive advantages—from natural resources, industrialization and services, mining and energy reserves, agriculture fisheries, plantations, oil and gas, to tourism.

Indonesian Economy (2011)

  1. 6.5%Economy growth
  2. 203.5billionExport
  3. 20.53%Investment growth
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The People of Indonesia

With 240 million people of more than 350 ethnic groups speaking more than 600 regional dialects, Indonesia's demography is richly steeped in culture. More than half of the population is younger than 29 years old and about 25 million are considered urban middle class.

While holding on to tradition, the population is also highly modern and wired. There are more than 155 million real subscribers of mobile phone, 36 million Facebook users (world's 2nd largest after the US) and the 6th largest Twitter users in the world.

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Indonesia in APEC

In 1994, Indonesia became the birthplace of the APEC Bogor Goals: liberalized trade and investment by 2010 for industrialized economies and by 2020 for the developing economies. Almost 20 years after, Indonesia has taken significant part in contributing to the development, maintaining the commitment towards the cause.

This year's APEC CEO Summit's theme of "Towards Resilience and Growth: Reshaping Priorities for Global Economy" could not have been more apt as Indonesia again is honored to play host to APEC.

Indonesia bounced back from the 1998 economic crisis to currently become the 16th largest economy and is an emerging and growth-leading economy (EAGLE), with a projected growth to become the 7th largest in 20 years' time.

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