Geography of Indonesia
Situated between the Indian and Pacific Ocean, Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world. Its surface area of 1,905 thousand square kilometers is comprised of more than 17,000 islands, lending Indonesia the nickname of "The Emerald of the Equator".
Indonesia has 34 provinces, with Jakarta as its capital city.
Indonesia's geographic location has blessed it with a rich landscape, from fertile rice lands in Java and Bali to the luxuriant rainforests of Sumatra, Kalimantan and Sulawesi, to the savannah grasslands of the Nusa Tenggara islands to snow-capped peaks of West Papua. Indonesia is home to more than 28,000 flora species from tiny rare orchid to giant Raflesia flower. It is also one of the most diverse variants of fauna species, including the endangered orangutans of Sumatera and Borneo, the unique giant lizard of Komodo, the horned Java Rhinoceros and Sumatera tigers.
Indonesia’s Economic Growth
Currently a dynamic USD 1.1 trillion economy, Indonesia reached an economic growth of 6.5% in 2011—the highest in 15 years. Its Foreign Direct Investment was USD 19.5 billion that same year. Approximately 60% of Indonesia's GDP comes from domestic consumption, cushioning Indonesia from global economic uncertainty. Meanwhile, investment growth has reached 20.53% in 2011.
Opening its doors for trade and investment even wider, Indonesia's regions are grouped into six economic corridors where each is specialized in areas where it has competitive advantages—from natural resources, industrialization and services, mining and energy reserves, agriculture fisheries, plantations, oil and gas, to tourism.